• healthevisits

What’s the difference between heat stroke and heat exhaustion?

What’s the difference between heat stroke and heat exhaustion?

Even though many of us welcome warm temperatures and the chance to be outside in the sun, summer heat isn’t all fun and games. If you plan on being outdoors, and especially if you’re planning on being active, it’s important to know the signs of heat-related illnesses like heat stroke and heat exhaustion. Both conditions occur when the body becomes dehydrated in hot or humid environments, but the combinations of symptoms differ between the two.

Heat exhaustion happens when the body is overheated, usually with a fever of up to 104 degrees Fahrenheit. One of the differences in symptoms between heat exhaustion and heat stroke is sweat; heat exhaustion is characterized by heavy sweating, while those suffering from heatstroke experience decreased sweating. Other symptoms of heat exhaustion are:

• Agitation
• Cool and clammy skin
• Confusion or anxiety
• Dizziness
• Excessive thirst
• Fainting
• Headache
• Muscle aches and cramps
• Nausea
• Slow heartbeat
• Weakness and fatigue

Heat stroke occurs when the body’s temperature rises so much that the cooling system stops working altogether. This typically happens at body temperatures of 104-106 degrees Fahrenheit, but keep in mind that it can occur suddenly. It is possible for your body to overheat so quickly that it skips past the symptoms of heat exhaustion and goes straight to heatstroke.

As mentioned above, heatstroke is characterized by decreased sweating, as well as hot, flushed skin. Other symptoms include: Continue Reading »

What is motion sickness, and how do you prevent it?


Summertime often means traveling, be it by plane, train, car or boat. For people who suffer from motion sickness, these trips are not a part of vacation they look forward to.

Experts say that motion sickness is caused by a sensory mismatch—a disconnect between the body’s systems that gauge the motion we sense and the motion we visualize. The symptoms typically start with sweating, dizziness and a general feeling of uneasiness, followed by nausea and in some cases vomiting. Different remedies work for different people and instances, so consider the following tips for relief:

Avoid anything that could cause or exacerbate nausea. Don’t travel on an empty stomach, but avoid greasy or spicy meals that could cause discomfort, as well as excessive alcohol and foods with strong odors. Try protein-packed snacks that will travel easily. You want to keep your stomach as calm as possible when going into a situation that might upset it more.

Sit where you’ll experience the least motion. If you’re traveling by car, driving can decrease that sight/feel disconnect that causes motion sickness. If that’s not possible, the next best option is the passenger seat so you can have a full view of the road. If you’re in an airplane, try to get a seat in the middle, over the wing, as this is the calmest area. If you’re sailing, you’ll want to be in lower level cabins near the center of the ship. Regardless of the vehicle, sit facing the direction of travel and take advantage of fresh air through vents or windows if possible. Continue Reading »

What you need to know about certified nurse midwives (infographic)

Everything you need to know about certified nurse midwives (CNM)! Click image for larger view.

More resources:
How to choose a midwife
What is a midwife?


Healthy tomato pizza sauce recipe


Pizza seems to be a comfort food for many folks, yet it’s considered a “not-so-healthy” choice. There are many ways to make your pizza healthier, and the sauce is one item that could use a makeover.

Making pizza sauce is not hard, and not all pizza sauces have to be tomato-based. A basil or spinach pesto could be used or even a white sauce can be made. To keep things as traditional as possible the recipe below is tomato-based. To make it convenient, this recipe uses tomato puree, but you can also make your own tomato sauce starting with fresh tomatoes or canned crushed tomatoes. The sugar in most tomato-based dishes is used to cut down on the acidity of the tomatoes.

1 onion, finely minced (can put in a food processor)
1 Tablespoon minced garlic
3 cups of tomato PUREE
1 teaspoon dried oregano
1 teaspoon dried basil
½ teaspoon dried thyme
½ teaspoon salt
1 teaspoon honey or other sweetener of choice
½ teaspoon of crushed red pepper flakes or some other hot pepper (optional)
1 teaspoon red wine vinegar
1 Tablespoon of olive oil

Heat oil in pan and sauté onions until translucent over medium heat. Add garlic, and sauté another minute with the onions. Add tomato puree, the herbs, salt and sweetener. Stir. Bring to a low boil then turn down heat and simmer, stirring occasionally. Cook for 20 minutes until sauce has thickened a bit and flavors have married. Add vinegar, stir and simmer for another 5 minutes.


Send us your favorite pizza sauce recipes!

Quick tips for buying packaged foods


What’s in a label? The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) is considering making changes to nutrition labels to include additional information that will help consumers make responsible food choices. Until then, you can identify the best foods for your diet by using these simple tips:

Find the secret ingredient. Did you know that you can find partially hydrogenated oil in many foods packaged foods? This is the manufactured form of trans fat, which experts agree is among the worst fats for your body.

Less is more. Most health experts advise avoiding foods with long ingredient lists, which tend to belong to foods that are highly processed and full of chemicals and additives. Focus on whole foods that undergo less processing.

Go to the back. The back of the package, that is. Don’t be fooled by the BIG letters or claims on the front of the package. Look at the label on the back or side panel of the package to really understand the ingredient list. Continue Reading »

Disclaimer: The information found on Affinity's blog is a general educational aid. Do not rely on this information or treat it as a substitute for personal medical or health care advice, or for diagnosis or treatment. Always consult your physician or other qualified health care provider as soon as possible about any medical or health-related question and do not wait for a response from our experts before such consultation. If you have a medical emergency, seek medical attention immediately.

The Affinity Health System blog contains opinions and views created by community members. Affinity does endorse the contributions of community members. You should not assume the information posted by community members is accurate and you should never disregard or delay seeking professional medical advice because of something you have read on this site.